PGS is registered in Norway as a public limited liability company, and our corporate governance model is based on Norwegian corporate law, the Continuing Obligations of Stock Exchange Listed Companies issued by Oslo Stock Exchange, the Rules and Regulations of the Luxembourg Stock Exchange, and the Norwegian Code of Practice for Corporate Governance (the “NUES Recommendations”). To the extent practicable, PGS also adheres to requirements applicable to registrants of foreign securities in the United States, where our American Depositary Shares (“ADS”) are publicly traded. We have also implemented corporate governance guidelines particularly suited to our Company and the industry in which we operate.
The Norwegian Public Limited Liability Companies Act section 5-6 (4) requires that the statement of Corporate Governance is brought up for the Annual General Meeting (“AGM”). Consequently, this report will be presented to the General Meeting on April 24, 2019.
Our corporate governance principles, which have been adopted by our Board of Directors, are summarized below. Our website provides full versions of our basic corporate governance documents and an overview of our governance structure. These items include the Company’s Articles of Association, the Board of Directors’ Rules of Procedure, and the charters for the Company’s Audit Committee, Remuneration and Corporate Governance Committee, and Nomination Committee. The documents can be downloaded from our website: www.pgs.com.
In accordance with the Norwegian Accounting Act section 3-3b, PGS is required to give a statement of our corporate governance in the Board of Directors report. In the Board of Directors report we refer to this document.
1. Code of Conduct, Core Values and Corporate Responsibility
We have adopted a Code of Conduct that reflects our commitment to our shareholders, customers, and employees to carry out our business with the utmost integrity. Our Code of Conduct and Core Values are available in full on our website: www.pgs.com.
At the heart of our Core Values is also a principled approach to Corporate Responsibility. We have built our framework for Corporate Responsibility around four key areas: People, Environment, Conduct, and Stakeholders. For a further description, see our Corporate Responsibility Report, which is available at www.pgs.com.
PGS is a focused marine geophysical company that provides a broad range of seismic and reservoir services, including acquisition, imaging, interpretation, and field evaluation. The Company’s MultiClient data library is among the largest in the seismic industry. The Company operates on a worldwide basis with headquarters in Oslo, Norway.
Our business purpose, as presented in the Company’s Articles of Association, is as follows:
“The business of the Company is to provide services to and participate and invest in energy related businesses.”
Our business operations and the goals and strategies for our business areas are presented in greater detail on pages 16-18 of the Annual Report.
3. Equity and Dividends
The shareholders’ equity as of December 31, 2018, was $ 721.8 million, corresponding to 30.3% of total assets.
The Board of Directors believes that the Company has an adequate capital structure. However, as a result of a weak market over recent years combined with substantial investments in fleet renewal, net interest-bearing debt, currently at $1 112.8 million, is higher than what the Board sees as beneficial for stakeholders over time. During 2018, taking into account experience from the downcycle and with a view that the Company’s markets will continue to be cyclical in the future, the Company has adopted a strategic target to over time reduce net interest-bearing debt to a level not exceeding $500-600 million, assuming the current size and composition of business activities. As a result, the Company will give higher priority to profitability, cash flow generation and debt reduction than business growth until it reaches a lower debt level. The Board of Directors continually monitors the adequacy of the Company’s capital structure – both equity and funding – in light of its objectives, strategy, and risk profile.
The Company has used above the alternative performance measure “net interest-bearing debt”. This term is defined in the Annual Report and based the accounting standards applicable in 2018, which excludes the effects of IFRS 16 which requires capitalization of leasing agreements and recognition of related liabilities in future years.
The Board of Directors has adopted a dividend policy whereby it is the intention to distribute 25 to 50 percent of annual net income as dividends over time. The Board of Directors has no general authorization to distribute dividends. Any year’s dividend is decided by the AGM after a proposal from the Board of Directors.
The Company has not distributed dividends in recent years due to a weak market, operating losses and a need to maintain an adequate liquidity reserve. Going forward, the Company’s capacity to pay a dividend will be assessed by the Board of Directors in light of, among other things, the market outlook and the Company’s equity and funding positions. Since the Company currently has a net interest-bearing debt which is above the targeted level, priority will, going forward, be given to debt reduction before resuming dividend payments. In addition, the Company is restricted in its combined Revolving Credit and Term Loan B facility and indenture from proposing a dividend for 2018 and while these agreements remain in place they provide certain requirements to be fulfilled before the Company can propose a dividend payment.
The Board of Directors is authorized to buy back up to 10 percent of the Company’s share capital (treasury shares). The current authorization expires on June 30, 2019. However, a new authorization will, in line with past practice, be proposed at the next AGM. Purchase of treasury shares are subject to restrictions in the Revolving Credit and Term Loan B facility identical to those applicable for distribution of dividends.
It has been an ongoing practice of PGS shareholders to grant authorizations to the Board of Directors permitting it to increase the Company’s share capital or issue convertible loans for up to 10 percent of the Company’s share capital for certain defined purposes. The current authorizations expire on June 30, 2019. New authorization in line with past practice will be proposed at the next AGM.
Separate General Meeting votes are held for (a) authorizations to increase the share capital for certain business purposes, (b) authorization to issue convertible loans and (c) authorization to acquire treasury shares. When a proposed resolution encompasses share capital increases and/or the issuance of convertible loans and/or acquisition of treasury shares for various purposes, the Company does not find it practical to hold separate votes on each element of proposals. This is a deviation from the NUES Recommendation (identified below) No. 3 where it is recommended that when the General Meeting is to consider mandates to the Board of Directors for the issue of shares for different purposes, each mandate should be considered separately by the meeting.
4. Equal Treatment of Shareholders and Transactions with Close Associates
PGS has a single share class and all shares carry the same rights. At our General Meetings, each share carries one vote. Our Board of Directors is committed to equal treatment of shareholders in all respects.
When applicable, transactions involving the Company’s own shares are carried out through a stock exchange, or at prevailing stock-exchange prices if carried out in an alternative manner.
Transactions between the Company and shareholders, a shareholder’s parent company, members of the Board of Directors, executive officers, or close associates of any such party (referred to as “Close Associates”) shall be conducted at arm’s length and at market terms. Material transactions with Close Associates will be subject to independent valuation by third parties. According to PGS’ Code of Conduct, our employees shall not have any personal or financial interest that might conflict with those of PGS nor influence, or appear to influence judgments or actions in carrying out their responsibilities on behalf of the Company. According to the Board of Directors’ Rules of Procedure, a member of our Board of Directors may not participate in discussions or decision-making as to issues in which the Director or any person closely associated with the Director has a material personal or financial interest. The Code of Conduct and Rules of Procedure are available on our website: www.pgs.com.
5. Shares and Negotiability
The Company’s shares are freely transferable and there are no restrictions imposed by the Company on ownership of or voting for shares.
6. General Meetings
Through participation in General Meetings, our shareholders exercise ultimate authority over the Company and elect the members of its Board of Directors and the chairperson of the Board of Directors.
Pursuant to the Company’s Articles of Association, the notice of an AGM is distributed at least four weeks in advance of the meeting to shareholders or their depository banks. A copy of the call notice with appendices will be posted on our website: www.pgs.com.
Notices convening Extraordinary General Meetings (“EGM”) must be distributed at least three weeks ahead of the meeting. The Board of Directors is to call shareholders to an EGM upon written demand by the Company’s independent auditor or shareholders representing at least five percent of the share capital, or for other purposes.
Shareholders who wish to attend a General Meeting must notify the Company’s registrar or PGS by the deadline stated in the meeting notice, which must be at least two working days before the General Meeting.
According to the Company’s Articles of Association, documents to be considered at the General Meeting may be published on our website. The same applies to documents that, due to statutory requirements must be attached to, or included in the notice calling the General Meeting. If the documents are published in such a manner, the statutory requirements for distribution shall not apply. Nevertheless, shareholders are entitled to request that documents to be considered by the General Meeting are sent to them via regular mail.
To vote at General Meetings, in person or by proxy, a shareholder must be registered with the Norwegian Central Securities Depository (“VPS”). Holders of American Depositary Shares (“ADS”) may vote according to the underlying shares by: (a) having the underlying shares transferred to an account with the Norwegian Central Securities Depository in the name of the holder, (b) attending the meeting as a shareholder by providing their name, address and evidence that they are the beneficial owner of the ADSs and coordinating with Deutsche Bank, depositary for the ADS, to have their ADSs blocked from voting, or (c) authorizing Deutsche Bank to vote the ADS on their behalf in accordance with specific guidelines.
An owner with shares registered through a custodian has voting rights equivalent to the number of shares covered by the custodial arrangement, provided that the owner of the shares, within two working days ahead of the General Meeting, provides PGS with his or her name and address together with written confirmation from the custodian to the effect that he or she is the beneficial owner of the shares held in custody.
Written and/or electronic voting in accordance with the Norwegian Public Limited Liability Companies Act, section 5-8b, shall be allowed for meetings where such method of voting is arranged by the Board of Directors.
Generally, all Directors attend the AGM together with the chairperson of the Nomination Committee and the auditor. In accordance with the Company’s Articles of Association, the chairperson of the Board of Directors chairs General Meetings. This is a deviation from the NUES Recommendation No. 6 for making arrangements to ensure an independent chairperson for the General Meetings. The reason for this deviation is that the Company has found this more practical and that PGS wishes to ensure that General Meetings are chaired by a competent person having proper insight into PGS’ overall operations.
7. Nomination Committee
According to our Articles of Association, the Company has a Nomination Committee comprised of three members to be elected by our shareholders at the AGM. The majority of Nomination Committee members shall qualify as independent parties, pursuant to the NUES Recommendations. The term of service shall be two years unless the General Meeting determines that the period shall be shorter.
The Nomination Committee’s main responsibilities, which are set out in the Nomination Committee Mandate and Charter, are to propose nominees for election as members and chairperson of the Board of Directors and the Nomination Committee. Further, the Nomination Committee proposes remuneration to be paid to members of the Board of Directors and Nomination Committee. The remuneration is approved by the General Meeting. Annually, the Nomination Committee produces a written report containing its nominations and proposals, which is distributed in advance of each AGM.
Once a year, the Nomination Committee meets with each Director individually and discusses how the Board of Directors and its committees function, and whether there is a need for changes to the Board of Directors.
The Nomination Committee also keeps contact with shareholders and the Chief Executive Officer as part of its work. The Nomination Committee comprises Harald Norvik (chairperson), C. Maury Devine, and Terje Valebjørg. Mr. Norvik was a first-time electee at the AGM held May 10, 2017, whereas Mrs. Devine and Mr. Valebjørg at the same AGM were re-elected, all for a service period ending with the 2019 AGM.
Shareholders who wish to propose new Board members or new members of the Nomination Committee may do so by submitting a candidate’s name to PGS’ investor relations staff via the Company’s website: www.pgs.com by following the link, “Nominate a Board Member.” The deadline for submissions each year is January 31. Alternatively, candidates can be proposed by letter to PGS attn. General Counsel or via email to: firstname.lastname@example.org. PGS does not employ any Nomination Committee members and none is a member of the Board of Directors.
In 2018, the Nomination Committee held seven meetings and conference calls. The Nomination Committee’s report on its work and recommendations is set out in Appendix II to the Calling Notice to the 2019 AGM.
8. Board of Directors - Composition and Independence
According to the Company’s Articles of Association, our Board of Directors shall have from three to thirteen Directors. The period of service for members of the Board of Directors shall be one year.
The Board of Directors has adopted its own Rules of Procedure that establish in more detail its roles and responsibilities, including:
- Directors’ qualifications
- Requirement that a majority of the shareholder elected Directors in the Board, a majority of the shareholder elected Directors being members of the Remuneration and Corporate Governance Committee, and all shareholder elected Directors being members of the Audit Committee are considered to be independent Directors
- Annual review and determination of the independence of each Director.
The composition of the Board of Directors is a reflection of the Company’s commitment to protecting the common interests of all shareholders and the Company’s need for expertise, capacity, and diversity.
As of December 31, 2018, the Board of Directors comprised five shareholder-elected and three employee-elected Directors. Current Directors are presented on the Company’s website: www.pgs.com and in this Annual Report.
All shareholder-elected Directors are independent of the Company’s management. All such Directors are also per December 31, 2018, independent of our major business relations and major shareholders (owning more than 10% of the shares in the Company ). The Director Morten Borge is the Chief Executive Officer in Ferd AS who as of 31 December 31, 2018 owned 4.67% of the shares in the Company. No shareholder elected Director may be an executive of PGS. Such Directors are not permitted to perform paid consultancy work for PGS. As of December 31, 2018, seven Directors, directly or indirectly, own PGS shares.
Shareholders and other interested parties may communicate directly with our shareholder elected Directors by written correspondence addressed to Petroleum Geo-Services ASA, Board of Directors (shareholder elected members), Secretary of the Board of Directors or to the Company’s General Counsel Lars Ragnar van der Bijl Mysen, PO Box 251, NO-0216 Oslo, Norway. Further, our website: www. pgs.com invites shareholders wishing to discuss corporate governance or corporate responsibility matters to contact Mr. Mysen by phone or arrange a meeting with him.
9. The Work of the Board of Directors
In accordance with Norwegian corporate law, our Board of Directors has overall responsibility for management of the Company, while the Company’s Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) is responsible for day-to-day management.
The Board of Directors provides oversight of the CEO’s day-to-day management and company activities in general. The Board of Directors is also responsible for ensuring that appropriate management, guidelines, and control systems are in place and are followed.
The CEO, as agreed with the chairperson of the Board of Directors, annually submits a schedule of the meetings of the Board of Directors in the upcoming calendar year. The schedule is subject to Board approval. In 2018, the Board of Directors held eight meetings including conference calls.
During 2018, all the current shareholder elected Directors participated in all prescheduled board meetings and conference calls. Key elements of the Rules of Procedure cover the Board of Directors’ responsibilities to determine the Company’s financial targets, set strategy along with the CEO and executive committees, and approve business plans, budgets, and budgetary and risk frameworks. The Board of Directors reviews at least annually the objectives, strategy and risk profile for the Company. In its supervision of the Company’s business activities, the Board of Directors will seek to ensure that satisfactory procedures are in place for monitoring and follow-up of Board-approved corporate principles and guidelines covering areas such as ethical conduct; adherence to laws, rules, and regulations; health, safety and environment; and corporate responsibility.
The Rules of Procedure also require an annual self-evaluation to determine whether the Board of Directors and its committees are functioning effectively. The annual self-evaluation is prepared and facilitated by the Remuneration and Corporate Governance Committee. An anonymous survey is carried out and the findings are discussed by the Board of Directors. The survey’s findings are made available to the Nomination Committee. The Chairperson of the Nomination Committee also shares with the Board of Directors relevant information for improvement of Board processes that may come up in their annual interviews with individual Directors.
Each scheduled Board of Directors meeting includes a separate session at which issues may be discussed without the presence of the Company’s management.
The tasks and duties of the CEO vis-à-vis the Company’s Board of Directors are also outlined in the Rules of Procedure, along with the tasks and duties of the chairperson of the Board of Directors. The CEO participates in all board meetings other than closed sessions. The Board of Directors elects a vice chairperson to chair board meetings in the chairperson’s absence. The full text of the Board of Directors’ Rules of Procedure is available at www.pgs.com.
Our governance structure is organized as described below
Our Board of Directors is responsible for the supervision of our business activities. The Board has established an Audit Committee and a Remuneration and Corporate Governance Committee to assist in organizing and carrying out its responsibilities. The mandate and charter for the Audit Committee and the Remuneration and Corporate Governance Committee is available at www.pgs.com.
Board responsibilities include:
- The Board of Directors appoints the Company’s CEO
- The Board of Directors, along with the CEO, is committed to operating PGS in an effective and ethical manner in order to create value for the Company’s shareholders. Our Code of Conduct requires management to maintain an awareness of the risks involved in carrying out our business strategies. Personal interests must not override or conflict with the interests of PGS.
The responsibilities of the CEO include:
- Day-to-day management of company activities
- Organizing PGS’ Executive Committees and the Disclosure Committee to further assist the CEO
- The CEO, under the guidance and supervision of the Board of Directors and the Audit Committee, is responsible for ensuring that the Company’s financial statements in all material respects fairly present the Company’s financial condition and the results of its operations. Timely disclosure of issues to the Board of Directors is also essential to the assessment of the Company’s financial condition, business performance and risks.
Board of Directors Committees
As of December 31, 2018, our Audit Committee comprises Directors Anne Grethe Dalane (chairperson), Richard Herbert, Marianne Kah, Anette Valbø and Hege Renshus. All shareholder elected Director’s being members of the committee are considered independent of the Company. The committee’s functions are to assist the Board of Directors in its supervision of the integrity of PGS’ financial statements; to monitor the independent auditor’s qualifications, independence and performance; to monitor the performance of the internal audit function; and to promote and review compliance with laws and regulatory requirements.
As of December 31, 2018, the PGS’ Remuneration and Corporate Governance Committee comprises Directors Walter Qvam (chairperson), Morten Borge, and Espen Grimstad. All shareholder elected Director’s being members of this committee are considered independent of the Company’s senior management. The function of the committee is to assist in matters relating to compensation, benefits, and perquisites of the CEO and other senior executives. Review and modification of the Company’s guidelines for good corporate governance are also committee responsibilities.
10. Risk Management and Internal Control
The Board of Directors is responsible for ensuring that appropriate guidelines, monitoring, and internal control systems are in place. These are to include embedding risk management, designating risk ownership, and implementing risk responses and controls.
The Board of Directors has systems in place to assess that the CEO exercises appropriate and effective management. The Board of Directors’ Audit Committee assesses the integrity of PGS’ accounts. It also enquires about, on behalf of the Board of Directors, issues related to financial review and external audit of PGS’ accounts. Further, the Board of Directors and the Audit Committee supervise and verify that effective internal control systems are in place, including systems for risk management and financial reporting.
The Board of Directors and the Audit Committee take steps to ensure that the Company’s internal control functions are working as intended and that necessary measures are taken to reduce extraordinary risk exposure. Furthermore, the Board of Directors makes certain that there are satisfactory routines for follow-up of principles and guidelines adopted by the Board of Directors governing (i) ethical conduct; compliance with laws, rules and regulations; health, safety and working environment; and corporate responsibility, and (ii) how the Company integrates stakeholder considerations into the Company’s value creation.
The Company’s anti-corruption program includes a policy, a management statement, and procedures as to several ethical issues, periodic training, high risk area assessment and monitoring, compulsory contract wording, etc. The policy and procedures are available at www.pgs.com. The program is evaluated on a regular basis by the Audit Committee.
Management maintains and regularly reviews a risk matrix setting out the main risks for the Company. These risk factors and the Company’s risk mitigating activities are subject to discussion in the Board of Directors at least once a year.
Management conducts day-to-day follow-up of financial management and reporting. Management has established a structured process to ensure that Internal Control over Financial Reporting is effective. The process includes identification and assessment of all material financial reporting risks, identifying and documenting relevant controls to address these risks, and monitoring that controls are implemented and performed. For controls that are not operationally effective at year-end, their potential financial exposure and impact on the consolidated financial statements are evaluated.
Internal Audit Department
PGS has an Internal Audit Department reporting directly to the Audit Committee on its audit planning and audit reports. The purpose of the Internal Audit Department is to perform independent, objective assurance and consulting activities that add value and improve the Company’s initiatives in financial, operational and compliance areas.
The scope of work for the Internal Audit Department includes determining whether the Company’s risk management, control, and governance processes, as designed and represented by management, are adequate and well-functioning. The department has established a process for monitoring that adequate internal control-related activities are integrated into significant PGS business operations worldwide and that focus is directed towards areas of perceived high risk. Any non-conformance is systematically followed up and corrective measures are implemented and their effects monitored.
11. Remuneration of the Board of Directors and Executive Management
Remuneration of shareholder elected Directors is not linked to performance but is based on an annual fee and is subject to annual approval by the General Meeting. Shareholder elected Directors shall not solicit or accept specific assignments for PGS beyond their role as Directors. Shareholder elected Directors neither hold any PGS share options, restricted stock units nor performance based restricted stock units.
For details on compensation to individual Directors, please see Note 29 to the consolited financial statements of PGS.
Remuneration payable to the shareholder elected Directors will be proposed by the Nomination Committee according to its Mandate and Charter, and is submitted to the AGM for approval.
Executive remuneration is one of the primary tasks of the Remuneration and Corporate Governance Committee. The committee annually reviews the total compensation level, the mix between fixed and performance related compensation and the mix between short and long-term compensation. The Remuneration and Corporate Governance Committee has developed an annual schedule in order to ensure and facilitate a structured approach to the annual review of executive compensation. The committee normally also engages an external advisor for this work.
A specific peer group of comparable companies and an executive remuneration philosophy have been adopted. As per December 31, 2018, the peer group consisted of twenty companies primarily from Norway and Europe. All companies are of comparable size and have international operations in the oil & gas and oil service sectors. An external advisor collects and compiles relevant information on peer group companies. This information is used by the Remuneration and Corporate Governance Committee for benchmarking executive remuneration. The executive remuneration policy document includes certain targets and guidelines on how the Company’s executives should compare to the peer group. These tools, amongst others, are used by the Remuneration and Corporate Governance Committee to decide on an appropriate remuneration structure and to set appropriate total remuneration.
Compensation for the CEO adheres to the same process as that used for other executives, but is also subject to approval by the Board of Directors.
PGS currently has a compensation structure for executive managers that include a base salary, benefits such as newspaper and mobile phone subscriptions, cash bonuses, pension plans, and performance stock-based long-term incentive programs. Features of these programs include an absolute ceiling on performance related remuneration.
For further details on the compensation structure and total compensation to executive team members, see note 29 to the consolidated financial statement of PGS, and also the Board of Directors’ Statement on Remuneration to the CEO and Executive Officers set forth as Appendix VII to the Calling Notice to the 2019 AGM.
12. Information and Communications
The Board of Directors is committed to reporting financial results and other relevant information based on openness and the requirement of equal treatment of all shareholders and securities market participants. The Company complies with relevant disclosure rules and regulations. Announcements are released through the Nasdaq OMX reporting channel and posted on the Oslo Stock Exchange’s news service: www.newsweb.no. In addition, all announcements are available on the Company’s website: www.pgs.com.
The Company’s policy of accessibility for shareholders is also presented on the Company’s website. The Company has an investor relations function to ensure that requests for information from shareholders, analysts and other interested parties are satisfied. The Company has an active investor communication program which includes senior management roadshows in connection with reporting of financial results, presentations at relevant investor conferences, and availability for oneon- one meetings. The Company hosts a capital markets day presentation once a year.
The Board of Directors and the Nomination Committee send a letter to the 30 largest shareholders once a year inviting them to join in a dialog on corporate governance and corporate responsibility matters. The letter is also posted on www.pgs. com and any shareholder may initiate communication with the Company on these matters. During 2018, one meeting was conducted with shareholders under this initiative.
13. Takeover Bids
The Board of Directors has established guiding principles for how it will act in the event of a takeover bid. The Board of Directors will ensure that all shareholders are treated equally and seek to prevent disruptions to, or interference with, Company operations to the extent possible. In the event of a takeover bid, the Board of Directors will, in accordance with its overall responsibilities and good corporate governance, act in the best interest of shareholders and ensure that they are given sufficient information in the matter. If a takeover bid is made, the Board of Directors will issue a statement containing a recommendation as to whether the shareholders should accept or reject the offer, including an independent valuation of the offer. The Company’s Articles of Association do not contain any restrictions, limitations, or defense mechanisms against acquisition of its shares.
The Audit Committee shall support the Board of Directors in the administration and exercise of its responsibility for supervision of the work of the independent auditor, who shall keep the Board of Directors informed of all aspects of its work for PGS. This duty includes submission of an annual plan for the audit of PGS. The auditor attends all Audit Committee meetings and, at least twice a year, meets with the Audit Committee without the presence of management. In-house policies govern the use of the auditor’s services. Use of the auditor for services other than the audit of PGS requires pre-approval by the Audit Committee.
The independent auditor meets with the full Board of Directors at least once a year in connection with the preparation of the annual financial statements and, at least once a year, presents a review of PGS’ financial reporting and internal control procedures for financial reporting. At least once a year, the independent auditor meets with the Board of Directors without the presence of any member of the executive management.
Remuneration paid to the auditor for mandatory and other audit services will be reported to the AGM for approval.
15. Compliance with Laws, Rules, Regulations and Recommendations
As part of PGS’ Business Practice outlined on www.pgs.com, PGS is inter alia committed to comply with relevant laws, rules, and regulations, as well as the Continuing Obligations of Stock Exchange Listed Companies issued by Oslo Stock Exchange and the Rules and Regulations of the Luxembourg Stock Exchange. In addition, PGS complies with the current recommendations set forth in the NUES Recommendations, subject only to deviations identified and justified in this report. The NUES Recommendations are available at www.nues.no.
The Board of Directors further conducts periodic reviews of PGS’ corporate governance policies and procedures, including the Board of Directors’ Rules of Procedure. This process is conducted annually and managed by the Remuneration and Corporate Governance Committee. Any changes to policies or procedures are presented to the Board of Directors for approval.