- Binning is customized to the survey geometries and number of surveys being processed
- Options can accommodate more than two surveys being processed
Customized 4D Binning Workflows
Extended bin search criteria are usually preferred as this removes selection bias imposed by the grid bin size. Pairs of traces from different bin sizes can be selected using this method to ensure traces with the smallest source position errors (ΔS) are chosen.
The multi-vintage binning option is used when more than two surveys are co-processed. The best average criteria combination between all surveys used, however, if the best trace pairs need to be selected, a sequential 4D processing workflow should be followed. A transfer function is then computed for each survey by estimating the difference between non-consecutive surveys.
When the monitor survey acquisition geometry repeats the baseline survey geometry, PGS first applies shot regularization to make the receiver spreads identical between baseline and monitor datasets (see Figure 1). The NRMS difference is typically improved quite considerably. The datasets are then processed through 4D binning and then 4D offset regularization.
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