New Exploration Opportunities in Brazil with or without Salt

Brazil's licensing regime has two permanent offer cycles for presalt and other blocks.

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The presalt potential of blocks in the prodigious Santos and Campos basins are offered through the sharing rounds. Meanwhile, the concession rounds offers plenty of exploration opportunities for those who prefer to stay salt-free. The PGS data library is a great resource for evaluating both.

Brazil bidding rounds are arranged by ANP, Brazil’s licensing authority, the Agencia Nacional do Petroleo, Gas Natural e Biocombustiveis, guided and authorized by the National Energy Policy Council (CNPE).  

As the ninth largest oil producer in the world, exploration licensing is a vital income generator for the Brazilian economy.

Bidding is a public event held in the presence of authorities, companies, and the press.  The bidders submit their offers, including a required signature bonus and work program commitment, at a public session by putting a sealed envelope into a transparent acrylic box. Like the box, the process is designed to be transparent.  The winning bid is announced immediately, engendering excitement along with significant revenue.  

In 2021, ANP created two permanent offer cycles for bidding and licensing presalt and other blocks.  These replaced the previous three-part system. 

Permanent Offer Process

Under both the Concession and the Sharing systems, new cycles are launched by the ANP with an announcement describing the blocks on offer and the minimum terms required. 

Qualified participating companies have to submit documents showing an interest within a sector and pay a participation fee.  Once the notice of interest is received by ANP, a Permanent Offer cycle begins, which usually takes around 120 days (although this timeline is not guaranteed). Additional companies can register after the cycle has begun, as long as their bids and payments are submitted not less than 30 days prior to the public session declaring the winners. The process ends with fanfare at a public session, where the winning bids are pulled from a transparent acrylic box.  

Contracts will typically be finalized between the winning bidder and ANP within three to six months, assuming the bidders have submitted the appropriate guarantees and paid the signature bonus.

Permanent Offer Cycle
While the process may vary, the schematic above describes the general steps in a permanent offer cycle.


Making the Most of the Opportunities

There are plenty of opportunities on offer, and whatever your priorities, the PGS data library is an excellent place to start evaluating them. PGS has been a driver of technological advances in subsurface imaging offshore Brazil for almost 30 years, and the company introduced both 3D seismic and broadband technology to this part of the world. 

You can see the results in our data library, which holds over 250 000 sq. km of MC3D, all acquired by PGS, including ca. 37 000 sq. km GeoStreamer data.  In addition, we offer over 70 000 sq. km of reprocessed 3D data, including the Santos Vision broadband reprocessing dataset and our 144 000 sq. km Brazil MegaSurvey. 


Contact a PGS expert

Please contact a member of our Brazil team for more information.